Substantive, prātipadika is defined as one that is not a verb nor a suffix but has a meaning. That is, any entity other than a verb in the language is called a substantive. Usually they are formed by addition of one or more suffixes to a verb, or another substantive. A substantive can be a noun, adjective, participle or an adverb. To form a word they have to have a declensional suffix added to it in a specified number, gender and case depending on the syntactical need in a sentence. Adverbs are an exception since they are indeclinable, meaning they remain unchanged in actual usage as well.

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